Better Work Jordan
This report provides a snapshot of the non-compliance findings during the reporting period in factories participating to Better Work Jordan. The data collected illustrate compliance with labour standards according to eight clusters: four based on ILO core labour standards regarding child labour, forced labour, discrimination, and freedom of association and collective bargaining, and four indicators based on national law regarding working conditions (compensation, contracts and human resources, occupational safety and health, and working time).
The major findings emerging from the data are as follows:
♦ Child Labour: is virtually non-existent in the apparel sector in Jordan.
♦ Discrimination: The highest rate of non-compliance within this cluster is that of discrimination on the basis of race, colour and origin, with 43 factories (80%) out of compliance.
♦ Forced Labour: Seven factories (13%) were found to be non-compliant with regard to Coercion. Five of these factories (9%) denied workers access to their personal documents. There were three findings related to employers requiring workers to work beyond the term of their contracts, restricting workers’ mobility and using threats such as deportation, cancellation of visas or reporting to the authorities in order to force workers to stay at the job.
♦ Freedom of Association: Current labour law prohibits migrant workers from forming unions of their own choice. In addition, the labour law stipulates a single trade union structure, thereby impeding the ability of all workers to form or join a union of their choice and of unions to join a federation or confederation of their choice. As a consequence, all factories are non-compliant with the Freedom to Associate CP.
♦ Compensation: The most problematic areas are Overtime Wages and Wage Information, Use and Deduction, with non-compliance rates of 22% and 35%, respectively.
♦ Contracts and Human Resources: The highest non-compliance rate in this cluster is within Employment Contracts (65%), with a total of 36 factories that are not compliant.
♦ Occupational Safety and Health: The level of OSH non-compliance findings represents a bit less than half of total non-compliance findings. Many factories failed to implement systems for monitoring and maintaining OSH standards.
Compliance synthesis reports for each of its country programmes, presenting analysis of non-compliance at the aggregate level. The goal of these reports is to provide transparent information for all programme stakeholders regarding working conditions in the factories participating in the programme.